Nicosia

national capital, Cyprus

Nicosia, Greek Lefkosía, Turkish Lefkoşa, city and capital of the Republic of Cyprus. It lies along the Pedieos River, in the centre of the Mesaoria Plain between the Kyrenia Mountains (north) and the Troodos variety (south). The city is likewise the archiepiscopal seat of the autocephalous (can elect its own archbishop and bishops) Church of Cyprus.

The city was a kingdom in the 7th century BCE and has actually been a bishopric from the 4th century CE. It has actually been the seat of government of Cyprus considering that the 10th century. In 1954 its name was altered to the Selimiye Mosque in honour of the Ottoman sultan Selim II, under whose reign Cyprus was conquered.

Throughout the 20th century the city borders were extended beyond the existing circular Venetian walls, and the old town within them was rebuilt. As a result of the Turkish intervention in 1974, part of the northern area of Nicosia, consisting of the previous global airport, has remained within the United Nations Forces in Cyprus operational limit separating the Republic of Cyprus (south) from the Turkish Cypriot-administered areas (north). The city experienced an increase of an estimated 35,000 Greek Cypriot refugees from the north in the mid-1970s.

archbishop's residence in Nicosia

Nicosia’s light industries, mainly serving the regional market, include the manufacture and processing of cotton yarns and textiles, cigarettes, flour, confectionery, soft drinks, footwear, and clothes. Nicosia is connected by excellent roads with the other significant towns of the island. A new worldwide airport was developed in 1974 at Larnaca, about 21 miles (34 km) southeast of Nicosia. The Cyprus Museum in the city homes numerous archaeological treasures. The majority of the population in the surrounding location is participated in farming, and crops produced consist of wheat, barley, vegetables, and fruits; goats and sheep are also raised. Pop. (2005 est.) 302,600.

The town hall in Nicosia, Cyprus

Nicosia, Greek Lefkosía, Turkish Lefkoşa, city and capital of the Republic of Cyprus. The city is also the archiepiscopal seat of the autocephalous (having the right to choose its own archbishop and bishops) Church of Cyprus.

As a result of the Turkish intervention in 1974, part of the northern section of Nicosia, consisting of the former international airport, has stayed within the United Nations Forces in Cyprus operational limit separating the Republic of Cyprus (south) from the Turkish Cypriot-administered locations (north). The Cyprus Museum in the city homes many historical treasures.